had been facing an unprecedented crisis. The conflict waged by a radical communist Party of Nepal-Maoists had not taken lives of more than 50,000 people and billions of rupees of property numerous of Human Rights violence by both side (Maoist-Government) but also challenged a centuries-old authoritarian political regime. The circumstances in the current Nepalese polity are pushing to demonstrate a ‘failed- state syndrome’. Nepal
Three domestic power centers in addition to an international power are the key players in the Nepalese conflict. The invisible force is directly or indirectly engaged in sustaining or escalating the crisis.
The Maoist insurgency is not the sole product of the failure of multiparty democracy, rather the cumulative effects of 30 years of an autocratic Panchyat system and beyond. The post- 1990 government failure provided the space for conflict growth because of its inability to fulfill people’s expectations. Century-old production relations, social structures and governance system maintained by status quo, severely skewed resource distribution and control, injustice, racial, ethnic, geographical, gender and social discriminations, rampant poverty and unemployment have contributed to igniting and expanding the conflict.
Moreover, it has been well documented that social exclusion, acute inequalities, absolute poverty, lack of access to structures to address these issues has inflected the Maoist ‘People’s War’.