Armed Conflict and Women
More than two third of the poorest countries in the world are in conflict regions. The nature of armed conflict has changed, whereas conflicts used to be waged primarily between states, today most of them are internal or transborder armed conflicts between disintegration of armed groups has changed. In the past they were generally trained military troops, but now there are forced to marry rebels or warlords or are held as slaves or prostitutes. Rape is used as an instrument of torture and to spread terror, and forced pregnancies serve to humiliate, demoralise and weaken the opponent.
Because of the large number of victims among the civilian population, the volume of refugees and internally displaced persons has increased enormously. Uprooted population group, particularly women and child, live for years in camps, dependent on humanitarian's aid and with limited access to vital resources. Discrimination against women in the distribution of food, the lack of recognition of their particular needs, attacks and acts of violence or extortion in the camps perpetuate their insecurity.